Using this Condition, located on the Contact Info category tab in Search Builder, you can find people based on their Home Phone number. You can use ‘Starts With’ to find numbers based on the first digits in the phone number, such as 901. You can also search by part of the number: Contains 1194 - to find everyone with those digits in their home phone number.
Enter the number without punctuation: example - 9015551212
To find those without a home phone, use Equal and put nothing in the Value field. To find everyone with a home phone, use Not Equal and put nothing in the Value field.
You might want to find everyone without a home phone number, but who does have a cell phone, or vice versa.